Social Enterprise

Projects, Reports, Journal Articles and Other Resources

Survey of Social Enterprises in Alberta and British Columbia

Research Project Leads: Dr. Peter Elson, Mount Royal University; Dr. Peter Hall, Simon Fraser University
Student Research Assistants: Jeremy Arbuthnot, Simon Fraser University; Jessica Baas, University of British Columbia; Tom Nelson and Samantha Sadler, Mount Royal University

This project surveyed social enterprises in the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia in 2010. The survey data was analyzed to develop a profile of the nature, scope and socio-economic contribution of social enterprises in Alberta and British Columbia. The analytical framework and survey approach was later adapted to survey social enterprises in other provinces, first in Manitoba under BALTA’s auspices (see below), and then later in other parts of Canada as the Canadian Social Enterprise Sector Survey (see below).

Read the research report.

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CirKids, a B.C. social enterprise

Measuring the Size, Scope and Scale of the Social Enterprise Sector in Manitoba

Research Project Leads:  Dr. Peter Elson, Mount Royal University; Dr. Peter Hall, Simon Fraser University
Research Assistant:  Ryan O’Connor, Canadian Community Economic Development Network (CCEDNet) Research Collaborator:  Brendan Reimer, Canadian Community Economic Development Network (CCEDNet)

This project surveyed social enterprises in the Canadian province of Manitoba in 2011. The survey data was analyzed to develop a profile of the nature, scope and socio-economic contribution of social enterprises in Manitoba. A similar approach and analytical framework was used as for the earlier surveys in Alberta and British Columbia to facilitate comparability of data.

Read the research report.

The Canadian Social Enterprise Sector Survey

Project Leads:  Dr. Peter Elson, Mount Royal University; Dr. Peter Hall, Simon Fraser University
Co-Researchers:  Seth Asimakos, Paul Chamberlain, Wendy Keats, Brittni Kerluke, Sarah Leeson-Klym, Tracey Mann, Steve McQuaid, Stephanie Pronk, Penny Rowe, Josh Smee, Chris Southcott, David Upton, Valerie Walker

Following the completion of the BALTA project, Peter Elson and Peter Hall received funding and support from their respective universities to undertake surveys in other parts of Canada. The new research built on the survey approach pioneered through BALTA’s research program. This led, in 2014-2015, to collaborative surveys undertaken in nine Canadian provinces (all except Quebec) and the three northern territories. This Canadian Social Enterprise Sector Survey also included new surveys in Alberta, British Columbia and Manitoba in 2014. An extensive range of national reports, provincial and territorial reports, and working papers has been produced and is available at the SESS website. No Social Enterprise Sector Survey would have been possible without the dedication and support of community partners who acted as guides and scouts as the social enterprise terrain was explored in each province.

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Landscaping with Heart, a B.C. social enterprise

See the national SESS reports.

See the provincial and territorial SESS survey reports.

See the SESS working papers.

Read the journal article on “Social Enterprises in the Canadian West”.  P Elson, P Hall, S Leeson-Klym, D Penner, and J Andres. 2015. “Social Enterprises in the Canadian West”, ANSERJ: Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research / Revue canadienne de recherche sur les OSBL et l’économie sociale, 6(1), 83–102.

Read the journal article on “Canadian Social Enterprises: Taking Stock”.  Elson, P and Hall, P. 2012. “Canadian Social Enterprises: Taking Stock”, Social Enterprise Journal, 8(3): 216-236.

Read Social Enterprise in Canada: Context, Models and Institutions.  J.J. McMurtry, F. Brouard, P. Elson, P. Hall, D. Lionais, M. Vieta. 2015. Working paper of the International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project.